Erythema infectiosum or “fifth disease”: a common disease in children


Erythema infectiosum, also called fifth disease, on viirusnakkus. We observe a peak of its appearance in spring, until the beginning of summer. Very common in children, it is most often benign, and can even go unnoticed.

Symptoms of infective erythema

Seda iseloomustab a rash of red patches which starts on the cheeks, before extending to the arms, thighs, thorax. These skin manifestations can remain on the child’s body for between one and three weeks. The rash is often accompanied bya fever that can approach 39 ° C, peavaluja mõnikord stomach aches. THE 'infectious erythema can also cause damage to the upper respiratory tract (nose, mouth, pharynx, larynx).

What are the complications of 5th disease?

Symptoms may persist kuni 3 nädalat, disappearing then reappearing. The disease can get worse with exposure to the sun and exercise. The disease can especially be complicated by episodes of arthritis. However, it should be noted that these complications mainly affect adults and much less children (10% of cases of childhood arthritis).

What is erythema infectiosum, or 5th disease due to? How to catch it?

Fifth disease, or erythema infectiosum, is a mild viral infection for which there is no vaccine. It is due to parvovirus B 19. Like all childhood illnesses, when you’ve had it once, you won’t have it anymore! Its contagion is mainly through the hands by touching a contaminated person or object, and by diffusion in the air of droplets (coughing, sneezing), coming from an infected person.

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To avoid being reached, it is therefore recommended to wash your hands often and thoroughly.

Nakkus ceases a few days before the rash appears.

How to cure parvovirus?

There are no specific drugs to treat fifth disease. We can give antipyretics against fever. It is especially important to wash your hands well to limit contagion.

Erythema infectiosum and pregnancy

Although often benign in children as well as in adults, erythema infectiosum can nevertheless lead to complications during pregnancy. If someone you know is sick while you are pregnant, see your doctor.

Can a child with infective erythema go to school?

In most cases, fifth disease or infective erythema is a very mild condition. It can even go completely unnoticed, the child having only a big “blow of fatigue” and slight redness. As the child is no longer contagious as soon as the symptoms appear, he can return to school without any risk for his classmates, and as long as he feels sufficiently fit.

If the child’s fever does not disappear within 2-3 days, it is necessary to consult.


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